Explanatory Synthesis Essay

The relevance of written assignments becomes increasingly vital because of their ability to categorize students. In literature classes all over the world, students are advised to read more and write with the effort of improving their skills. Most of these assignments are in forms of essays that convey different ideas, and there's no exception with the explanatory synthesis essay.

With its format, rules, and purpose, the synthesis essay is remarkable in the way it lays out facts. Professors and AP English teachers grade these papers with great interest in the student's proficiency in delivering points from different sources and attributing them to their authors. They know that this experience goes a long way in guiding students once they are out of class. However, the knowledge required to craft such an essay may be lacking for most of the learner. Thus, we have provided a detailed guideline to everything you will need to learn about how you should define synthesis essay and how to write a synthesis essay.

The Types of Syntheses Essays

  1. The Explanatory Synthesis

The synthesis essay definition is simple and based on its name, to explain rather than to argue or debate as is the norm with argumentative essays. It is an essay that provides the readers with the facts of the topic under dissection for further knowledge. These facts are presented in an orderly hierarchy and help clarify further on the chosen topic.

These topics are a rundown of events, an object, a location, or a state of things on the ground a good example being political events. Once your objectives improve, then its purpose is to lay out the relevant facts from their sources. Argumentative essays may sometimes depend on the explanatory synthesis to present some facts. However, in no way is the argumentative essay beneficial to the explanatory synthesis essay.

  1. The Argumentative Synthesis

The argumentative essay works differently to the explanatory synthesis essay in that it relies on the writer's opinions and perceptions of the subject under inspection. What they share, however, is their dependence on facts to demonstrate the relevance of their thesis statement. However, the thesis statement is the object of debate, and two different authors may strongly disagree depending on the sources of their information. This disagreement does not refute the other's opinion since they are both citing texts from published authors whose work is easily verifiable.

The Purpose of the Explanatory Synthesis Essay

Other than knowing how to write a synthesis essay, a great writer must know the real intent of the explanatory synthesis essay. That purpose is presenting facts from different sources under the banner of one paper for the reader. It does not require one to submit their opinion or debate between different points of view.

What it demands is an objective and concise exhibition of facts surrounding the topic. These facts must be updated, relevant, and comprehensive since the reader has chosen to seek out these facts from your essay instead of personally performing the search. Personal prejudices, opinions, and contributions to the topic should as defined in the synthesis essay definition.

Key Characteristics of a Synthesis

  1. Analysis of information from various sources is laid out in the main body paragraphs and supports the central topic
  2. The writer uses attributing phrases and correlations to distinguish between two sources. And after that between his writings and those of the sources.
  3. The writer reveals how the information from the sources relate and contribute to the topic.

Instructions Before You Write Your Explanatory Synthesis Essay

In his famous poem, Robert Frost, the renowned poet took a different path, and it made all the difference, and this is the same with the instructions of your assignment. One step away from the road known to most and you too will be in a seriously wrong path. The task contains instructions that if well followed, contribute significantly to the overall grade of your paper.

Thus, understanding the prompt is the first step to understanding the purpose of your assignment. Most professors provide a theme, topic, could also define synthesis essay for you or provide sources that need synthesizing. Whenever there's freedom, follow the passions of your heart. Seek out an interesting topic with your purpose and point of view. A thorough understanding of this purpose will help you design your goal, points of view, thesis statement, and the sources that help advance your thesis.

Now to Begin

All great writers, whether students or experts have the habit of writing outlines for any significant project. Consider highlighting the points that need consideration for your essay and what you need to clarify concerning them. There's no harm in creating different outlines depending on the relevance of the facts and the hierarchy they possess following the topic.

Formulating the Thesis Statement

Explanatory essays aim to describe the aspects of the topic to the reader. These aspects of the topic originate from valid sources that integrate into one composition. The thesis statement pinpoints precisely what the essay aims to speak about in great detail and why they should care. As there are different ways you can formulate the thesis statement, here are a few proposals to help you out:

  • Let it be precise and comprehensive. Single it down to the critical facts.
  • Be sure to state your topic of interest and the extent of what you will review.
  • Make it a statement.
  • It should originate in the introduction paragraph, preferably in the last sentence.
  • It may be more than one sentence
  • It should be opinionated and have only one argument, either for or against the opinion.
  • The thesis statement is the opinion of the source plus your stand on the whole ideology
  • The formality of your thesis statement invites readers to discover more.

A great way to know whether your thesis statement is valid is to ask yourself the following questions;

  • What am I trying to illustrate?
  • In what ways will I expound on it?
  • Will my facts support the ideas?
  • How will I outline the essay?
  • What hierarchy would my points follow?
  • Will I use MLA or APA formatting?

The Structure of the Essay

  1. Introduction Paragraph

Thesis Statement

      • The First Argument
      • The Second Argument
      • The Third Argument
  1. Main Body Paragraph

The First Argument

      • Proof
      • Analysis

The Second Argument

      • Evidence
      • Analysis

The Third Argument

      • Proof
      • Analysis
  1. Conclusion
  • Restate your thesis statement

Finishing Your Explanatory Essay

  1. Revising the Essay

The revision aims to advance your essay from amateur to a paper worth a higher grade. Here, you will improve the transition between ideas and sources. The tone of your article should be a formal one with attributions to the source materials and try as best as you can to maintain the publisher's flow of thought. The reader must find it easy to navigate between the ideas and correlate them to your thesis statement. A great way to go would be to invite a friend to help read through your final draft. This process is efficient in pointing out mistakes and incoherency with the thesis statement of your essay.

  1. Proofread the Essay

It is always prudent to double-check for spelling and grammar errors. An excellent application for any student would be Grammarly that checks for any run-on sentences and punctuation errors. Here is where a friend can correct any other mistakes as you read aloud.

  1. Cite Your Source Material

Like an essay that relies heavily on source materials, it is advised to add citations of sources used. The in-text citation is the first way to do this and works for paraphrased articles, quotes, and summaries made from various sources. Footnotes on each page are used to expound further on the source material.

Bibliographies come at the end of the document. For college assignments, be sure to use a consistent format throughout the paper. These may be MLA format, Chicago style, APA, and other formats.

  1. Title Your Essay

As a student, you will eventually learn that the thesis statement and the supporting ideas found in the body paragraph are essential. Their importance contributes significantly to the title of your essay. Therefore, the title comes after the statements in the article.

Must Know Things about Explanatory Synthesis Essays

  1. Your opinions in synthesis essays should not weigh into the choice of your sources. Instead, the references should be able to support your claims
  2. Mind your audience and don't veer off the path of your topic as readers tend to notice these things. Ensure your thesis statement relies on verifiable and relevant facts. Whenever the need arises, provide references, they need to gather further information on the chosen topic.
  3. The flow of thoughts and ideas should be logical. Even facts have a hierarchy, from strong statements to supporting statements;
  • Your thesis statement should include your point of view and the topic for dissection.
  • Each paragraph should have a topic sentence that is a supporting statement of the thesis.
  • Use hierarchy to determine which points lie addressed first and in which paragraphs of the essay.
  • Transitional phrases should be precise and flow reasonably.
  1. Each topic sentence should aim at supporting the thesis statement. Organize your thoughts and sources appropriately within the text. Synthesis of sources from multiple sources should be smooth and effortless.
  2. Word selection should expand your vocabulary within the essay.
  3. Proofreading your essay for mistakes of passive voice, grammar errors, and checking for length will go a long way to improving your paper.
  4. Ensure the MLA format is appropriate for the level of essay you are submitting and is used Check for in-text citation to guarantee correct quotations.
  5. An innovative title is as catchy as whatever is within the text.

Bonus Points for a Perfect Essay

  1. Study Multiple Sources on Your Topic Before Outlining Your Paper

An in-depth investigation of multiple sources that answer the tough questions on your topic is a must before scoring high grades. Furthermore, knowing how to integrate these sources is beneficial for finishing on time. Never forget to note down your sources as you research as it may be challenging to trace them later on. This process is beneficial for referencing and citation.

  1. Read Instructions

What matters more than anything is adhering to the instructions on your assignment. And while the thesis statement may align to the supporting statements, more often than not, you will fail if you get sidetracked. Most professors abhor students who hurry into finishing assignments without understanding it. All they demand is to ask whenever necessary.

  1. Create The First Draft

This rough sketch helps delineate the essential points from the ones in need of revision or otherwise removal. Without the draft, your assignment falls into the trap of errors and omissions. The first draft should follow the objectives created within your outline of points. The bubble map helps put things in perspective, differentiating the appropriate sources from those not aligned with the topic.

  1. Follow the Format of Your Source Material

Creating your style may be significant with other essays, but with this particular essay, there's a secret way to succeed. Follow the format used within the source material by the publisher as it may speak more formally to the reader. This format is appropriate since it creates the tone appropriate to the subject of discussion.

  1. Create Time for the Assignment

Most assignments have a due date attached to them within the instructions; therefore, have a plan for finishing the project. Allocate your time to doing research, creating a rough draft, writing the paper and time for revision, and finally have time allocated for emergencies such as losing a paper.


The ability to give the reader an in-depth explanation of the facts at hand from different sources is a necessary life skill. Integrating information from all these sources in a way that expounds on the matter at hand is a skill one needs to practice to understand. We took it upon ourselves to elaborate more on the subject of explanatory synthesis essays. We hope that now, your confidence is improved and your paper is ready for submission. We provide more information on essay writing of all kinds as well as expert writers prepared to work day and night to write your paper. Contact us for more.